Vultee Aircraft Company Logo

View products that support dmairfield.org

Above, logo of the Vultee Aircraft Corporation, later merged with Consolidated Aircraft to form Convair.

OTHER RESOURCES

Your copy of the "Davis-Monthan Airfield Register" with all the pilots' signatures and helpful cross-references to pilots and their aircraft is available at the link. Or use this FORM to order a copy signed by the author. ISBN 978-0-9843074-0-1.

---o0o---

Text, right from this resource on Vultee Aircraft. Images of Jerry Vultee are found there, too.

---o0o---

Time Magazine archives.

 
Davis-Monthan Aviation Field Register
CulturalMotion PicturesFriendsNon Profit statusProducts and services
ReferencesPublicationsCollectionsGuest EditorsPress Coverage

GERARD FREEBAIRN "JERRY" VULTEE

Gerard "Jerry" Vultee (1900-1938) has been described as a little known man who played a leading role in the drama of aviation in America. Born in Brooklyn, New York, he showed an interest in aircraft at an early age, building model planes. The Wright Brothers flew at Kitty Hawk in his infancy, and as he grew he had the opportunity to watch aviation grow with him from infancy to the brink of the dominance enjoyed by military aircraft in World War II.

In 1912 his family moved to Ocean Park, California, and he attended Cal Tech from 1921-23, studying aviation science. As a student project he designed and built a full-sized aircraft.

In 1923, Art Mankey, who was then in charge of engineering at Douglas Aircraft, hired Vultee as a structural aeronautic engineer. Also at Douglas was Jack Northrop who was working on an idea for a commercial aircraft, the Vega. Since Douglas was doing military aircraft at the time, Northrop took his idea to mentor Alan Loughead (spelling later changed to "Lockheed.") In 1928, Northrop invited Vultee to join him and they built the Vega, one of the most popular planes of its day. Wiley Post, Amelia Earhart and Charles Lindbergh all flew and adored it.

In 1928, Northrop left the young company, and Vultee became Lockheed's new chief engineer. He designed the Sirius for Lindbergh which brought him some notoriety.

Jerry Vultee landed at Tucson Sunday, March 30, 1930. He was a passenger in Lockheed Vega NC522K. His pilot was none other than Wiley Post. They were eastbound from Burbank, CA to El Paso, TX. No purpose was cited in the Register for their trip.

Some of the innovations he helped introduce were the engine nacelle or cowling, the fully retractable landing gear, replaceable fuselage panels, the V-type windshield, and Vultee large wing flaps that made it possible to reduce landing speeds.

But genius was not enough in the face of the Great Depression. Controlling interest in Lockheed was purchased by the Detroit Aircraft Corporation. In 1931 it went into receivership, and Vultee was replaced as chief engineer by Richard Von Hake. Vultee accepted a job developing and teaching drafting and engineering courses at the Curtiss-Wright Technical Institute. He also took a post as chief engineer for the E.M. Smith Corporation (EMSCO) in Downey. But the Depression smothered new designs at EMSCO as well and he left.

E.L. Cord (Cord car company) was an entrepreneur looking for new fields, and had founded an airline. He needed a new commercial plane. Fortunately, Vultee had been working with Vance Breese on the V-1 (V for Vultee), which was just what Cord wanted. With Cord's financial support, Vultee and Breese established the Airplane Development Corporation (ADC), a division of the Cord Corporation. Vultee was vice president.

The V-1 was a popular aircraft, and American Airways ordered 10. Completed as a prototype in 1933, it was the fastest plane of its kind with a top speed of 235 mph. When modified by American Airways it was known as the V-1A. A license to manufacture the plane was sold to Russia.

On another front, Vultee met Sylvia Parker, a Hollywood debutant, while surfing in Southern California. They married on Jan. 19, 1935, and flew to Mexico City for their honeymoon in a new V-1A.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) created an unexpected reversal of fortune by ruling that all commercial passenger planes be mult-engine. The V-1A was single engine, and was thus grounded for passenger use. Cord reorganized his holdings, and Vultee Aircraft abandoned its commercial aircraft enterprises.

Vultee was aware of the growing threat of war on many fronts, and converted the plane to a dive-bomber known as the V-11. When orders began to roll in he needed a larger production site, and he recalled the EMSCO plant in Downey, CA. He relocated there from his cramped quarters in Glendale, and renamed the small Downey airstrip Vultee Field. By 1938 500 people were employed here.

The Vultee planes built in Downey flew in the Spanish Civil War, and in defense of the Chinese Nationalist government. They were purchased by both Russia and Germany, and in 1937 the Downey plant was renamed the Vultee Aircraft Division of the Aviation Manufacturing Corporation.

Jerry and Sylvia Vultee were flying home from Washington, D.C. after presenting a new aircraft to the Army when their plane crashed, killing them both. It was January, 1938, and a black day for aviation, but the company Vultee founded went on in his tradition of innovation and discovery. A news article appeared in the Cottonwood, AZ Verde Independent on August 30, 2011 that described the accident and the circumstances around it. Thanks to site visitor Sky Shipley for calling the article to my attention.

Some issues surrounding the Vultee's death were clarified by this letter to Time Magazine February 21, 1938:

"Sirs:

Gerard F. Vultee ("Jerry"), not Gerald, my close friend and business associate for many years, was killed when the cabin monoplane he was flying with Mrs. Vultee crashed on the flat top of Wilson Mountain [TIME, Feb. 7]. ... Caught in a local snow-storm and blizzard with no training in blind or instrument flying, he was unable to find his way out. The fire occurred after the crash, not before.

DON P. SMITH Vice President
Vultee Aircraft Los Angeles, Calif."

In 1941 Vultee Aircraft purchased controlling interest in the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation in San Diego. The company became Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation, or "Convair," and produced more than 13,500 aircraft during the allied war effort in World War II.

---o0o---

Dossier 2.1.189

UPLOADED: 01/09/06 REVISED: 07/18/09, 08/12/12

 
Home
The Register
People
Places
Airplanes
Events
YOU CAN HELP
I'm looking for information and photographs of pilot Vultee to include on this page. If you have one or more you'd like to share, please use this FORM to contact me.
 
Contact Us | Credits | Copyright © 2008 Delta Mike Airfield, Inc.
This website is best enjoyed in a 1024 x 768 screen resolution.
Web design by The Web Professional, Inc