Below are 47 images of civil aircraft. We'll begin this
section of the Klein Archive by featuring one of the uses
to which Golden Age pilots put their aircraft: Racing. Below
are candid images of three competitors in the trans-Pacific
Dole Race of August 1927. The Race was held between Oakland,
CA and Honolulu, T.H. None of these airplanes landed at the
Davis-Monthan Airfield as far as is known, but one of their
The first two images are of the "Woolaroc",
Travel Air NX869. The "Woolaroc" was flown
in the race in August 1927 by Register pilot Art
Goebel. He and his navigator, William
V. Davis, Jr., won the event in 26 hours, 17 minutes
and 33 seconds and took home the $25,000 prize. Please see the two books in the left sidebar on the subject of the Dole Race.
Travel Air NX869
The caption on the above image states, "Travel Air “Woolaroc” before
start of Dole Race to Hawaii, Oakland, Calif., 1928" [NOTE:
this date is an error; the race took place in August, 1927].
There was no caption for the image below.
Travel Air NX869
In real life this airplane was brightly colored. It had
a Travel Air Blue fuselage and orange wings. The following
color swatches (not part of the Klein Archive) are offered
to us by William V. Davis, III, the son of the "Woolaroc's"
Color Swatches from the "Woolaroc"
These are actual pieces of the cotton fabric from the airplane.
Below, the "Aloha", NX914, a Breese M-5
with a Wright J-5 220 HP engine. There is no date or location
listed for the image, but it is undoubtedly August 1927 at
Oakland, CA during preparations for the Dole Race. This airplane
placed second in the Race, arriving about two hours after
Goebel and Davis. Neither of its crew (pilot Martin Jensen
and Paul Schluter) signed the Davis-Monthan Register, nor
is NX914 identified in the Register. Jensen, however, is
pictured among these six images exhibited at the Cosgrove
The "Aloha", a Breese M-5
After the Race, "Aloha" remained for
a time in Hawaii and was used for passenger and freight transport
between Honolulu and Hilo.
As happens on this site, people
write in and offer interesting additions to the images and
texts that I put online. The following email comments and
three images of "Aloha" are from frequent
contributor to dmairfield.org Tim
Kalina. Below, we see "Aloha" in the livery
of the Lewis Hawaiian Air Express company. Note the taijitu-like symbolism
on the wheels.
"Aloha" in Hawaii
"Aloha" on U.S. West Coast, Late 1920s
At left another image of "Aloha" in yet a third livery.
Mr. Kalina says about this image, "This photo was lent
to me by Martin [Jensen, the pilot of the "Aloha" during
its trans-Pacific flight in the Dole Race] when I visited
with him back in the mid 1970s. Martin stated that he thought
the location was somewhere on the west coast (of the mainland)
after the plane was sold by Lewis Hawaiian Tours. [After
the sale] The plane has had it’s Dole Race markings
painted back on (but not quite the same way as the original
markings). The plane was being used for sight seeing flights
[when owned by Lewis]."
Further, he says, "As with the other photos of the ‘Aloha’ when
owned by Lewis and also the
Daily News [see below], you’ll
note some modifications made to the plane (other than the
obvious cabin windows and cabin seats). A tailwheel has been
added (in the Lewis photo it still has a tailskid) and the
bottom of the rear fuselage is not as deep or curved as when
flown in the Dole Race."
transferred back to the United States sometime in 1929, registered
NR914 and used "for
photography only" at Mineola, LI, NY. It was destroyed
by fire at Garden City, NY on June 2, 1933.
"Aloha" in NY Daily News Livery
Mr. Kalina says of his image at right, "I noted that
below the latest photo of the ‘Aloha’ you
posted that you make mention of the plane ending it’s
days as a photo ship. Indeed, the former ‘Aloha’ was
owned by the NY Daily News and used as a photo/news gathering
"Attached is an old, original photo from my
collection of the Breese in it’s Daily News markings.
Sure wish I knew the colors! This is the only photo I have
ever seen of the plane in it’s Daily News markings.
Although NR914 is not a D-M aircraft I thought you’d
like to see the photo."
The logo on the fuselage reads "DAILY NEWS, Transpacific
Monoplane, ALOHA". Thus, we have the "Aloha" in four
different liveries in less than six years after its success
in the trans-Pacific Dole Race. Does anyone know the
colors of any of the liveries?
The Goddard “El Encanto”, NX5074, with a
Wright J-5 220 HP engine. This airplane was especially constructed
for the Dole Race. It's pilot, Lt. Norman Goddard was an
engineer and personally did the stress analyses.
Goddard “El Encanto”
Unfortunaely, it ground looped at Oakland during takeoff
for the Race, was damaged and never got airborne. It ran
off the runway on August 16, 1927 and demolished the right
It was rebuilt with a brand new wing and landing gear
and lived for another five years. Toward the end of its
life it was disapproved on inspection on February 6, 1931
because, "wing not properly designed & vibrates in flight',
and because because it had, "wet rot in lower longerons."
The last word on the airplane came March 3, 1932, it, "was
completely destroyed and is no longer in existence."
Below, the Gwinn Aircar. Although this airplane did not
land at the old Davis-Monthan Airfield, it was part of the
lives of at least one Register pilot, namely Frank
The annotation on the image reads: "Gwinn Aircar, Pobjoy
Niagara 90HP, X1271, Cleveland 9/6/37".
Bellanca Skyrocket, "Miss
At right , according to the notation on the original image,
this airplane is “'Miss Veedol' at Wenatchee,
Washington After non-stop flight from Tokio, Japan --- Pangborn & Herndon".
What looks like a crash was not, since the landing gear had
been jettisoned before the flight to reduce drag. The belly
landing at the end was planned.
Veedol", a Bellanca Skyrocket, NR796W, did not
land at the Airfield, but its pilot, Hugh
Herndon, did on December 6, 1929. Follow the link for
lots more information on Herndon and this airplane, as well
as the historic flight he, his co-pilot and this airplane
made on October
Below, NC11324 is rare among Davis-Monthan
Airfield aircraft, because it is still registered with the
FAA and is, as of 1985, still flying. The annotation on the
original image says, "Great Lakes 2T-1A Restored, Menasco
B-4 “Pirate” 95
HP, Chino CA 1985".
Great Lakes NC11324
This airplane landed at Tucson on May 2, 1933 flown by Peter
Dana. He carried one passenger identified as M.G. Wallace.
Based in San Diego, CA, they were eastbound from San Diego
headed for "New Hampshire".
This airplane is a significant artifact
of the Golden Age. Follow this link for
lots more information about it on this site. Today, NC11Y is on exhibit at the National Air & Space Museum.
Northrop Alpha NC11Y
The original image is annotated: "Northrop 4A 'Alpha' ex
'Alpha' 2, P&W R-1340-SC1 450 HP, NC11Y s/n 3,
Rebuilt 'Alpha' 2 & 4, Cleveland Ohio 12/24/40". NC11Y
landed at Tucson on June 2, 1931.
Lockheed Vega NC32M
At right, Lockheed Vega NC32M.
The annotation on the original photograph says, "Lockheed
5C Vega, P&W R-1340-7 425 HP, NC32M c/n 102, Crashed
Mexico June ‘43, Pittsburgh". Follow the link for
information on this airplane's visit to Tucson and the pilots
who flew it.
Although no date
was given for when the image was taken, it was probably during
1934-35 when the airplane was owned and flown by Pittsburgh
Airways and Central Airlines (note the signage on the fuselage).
Below are two images of NC105N.
Please follow the link for further information about this
airplane, its pilots and its visits to the Davis-Monthan
Lockheed 5-B Vega, NC105N
The annotation on the first image, above,
reads, "Lockheed 5-B Vega, P&W R-1340-7 450 HP,
NC105N c/n 117,Standard Oil of NJ, Newark, NY 1935".
Lockheed Vega 5-C NC105N
The annotation on the second
image (note difference in data), right, reads, "Lockheed
Vega 5-C NC105N, 450
HP Wasp S3D1". The image was taken June 19, 1937, location
unknown. If the date of this image is to be believed, then
the date of an accident six-months earlier cited in the link
above suggests this image was taken after repairs were made.
The airplane no longer has the NR registration. It was not
clear from the National Air & Space Museum record what the
final disposition/fate was for this airplane.
Below are two images of Lockheed Sirius NC117W.
Lockheed Sirius NC117W
The annotation on the first image, right, states, "Lockheed
Sirius 8-C, Wasp 450 HP". The image date is unknown,
but, since it looks like the camera mount and cockpit are
installed behind the pilot's seat, it is probably after 1936-37
when it was so modified by Paul Mantz (follow the link to
find out more).
The second image, below, is annotated, " Lockheed 8A
Sirius, P&W R-1340C 450 HP, NC117W s/n 151, Glendale,
CA 8/36". The camera mounting ring in the rear cockpit is
clearly visible in this image.
Lockheed Sirius NC117W
Below are two images of Lockheed Vega NC199E.
Lockheed Vega NC199E
was owned by George Westinghouse, a Davis-Monthan Airfield
pilot (landed four times; three times in this airplane) with
strong Pittsburgh connections (his family's business was
founded and located in Pittsburgh).
The annotation on the
image reads, "Lockheed Vega 2-D; Wasp Jr. 300 HP". At right
we see it on floats. The date of the image is not given,
but the paint scheme is the same as when Westinghouse owned
it, and he was known to fly it on floats. Compare this image
with those at the link above.
Lockheed Vega NC199E
The annotation on this image, left, reads, "Lockheed
2-D Vega, P&W R-985A 'Wasp' 300 HP, NC199E
This image was dated 1935. Chances are it was taken the same
time as the one above
Compare the image below with the one at NC199E.
The image at the link was taken in California; this one is
at Cleveland during the same year. I've left the original
documentation at the bottom of this photograph.
Lockheed Vega NC199E
"Wallace 'Touroplane' Kinner K-5 100 HP, NC209N c/n
LeVier data, as he was the pilot.
Wallace 'Touroplane' , NC209N
Timm M-150 NC279V
NC279V is a Timm. The annotation on the image states,
"Timm M-150 'Collegiate',
MacClatchie 'Panther' 150 HP, NC279V, ex. X279V c/n 105,
Only one built with “Panther” engine,
Glendale, CA 1934".
This airplane was flown to Tucson August 2, 1930 by pilot
T.C. Alexander. He carried one unidentified passenger. Based
in Los Angeles, CA, they were westbound from Lordsburg, NM to Los Angeles.
American Eagle 430, NC284N
Left, NC284N is an American Eagle. The annotation on the
original image reads,
"American Eagle 430, Continental A-70 165 HP, S/N 902,
Ex. NC200N prototype".
American Eagle 430, NC284N
NC284N landed at Tucson on December 31, 1934 flown
by J.C. Barnett. He carried one unidentified passenger. Based
at Roswell, NM they were westbound from Roswell to Los Angeles,
NC308E is a Consolidated aircraft. Consolidated was owned
by Register signer Reuben
H. Fleet. The annotation on the
original image reads, "Consolidated 14 Husky Jr., Warner
R-420 Scarab 110
HP, C308E ATC 84, Buffalo November 1928".
Consolidated Husky, NC308E
This airplane was flown once to Tucson solo on January
2, 1930 by pilot Albert Pyle. Based in Phoenix, AZ he was
homeward bound from Lordsburg, NM.
Part of Shell Oil’s fleet of aircraft,
the airplane of interest in this image is the aircraft at
far left, the Lockheed Sirius
Please follow the link to learn more about this airplane
and its visits to Tucson.
The annotation on the original photograph
states, "A Lockheed 'Sirius', Timm 'Collegiate', And a Stearman
Whereas all these airplanes were part of the Shell fleet,
the Timm and the Stearman are not recorded in the Davis-Monthan
Airfield Register. The location of the photograph is unknown.
Lockheed Sirius NC349V, Left
a big Boeing single-engine airplane. The annotation on the
original image states, "Boeing 40Y, P&W R-1340 “Wasp” 420
HP, C381, Built especially for Standard Oil of Calif. #2
Seattle 12/9/28". Please follow the link to find out
more about this airplane and its visits to
Boeing 40Y, NC381
NC752K is a Waco BSO, S/N A-153 mfg 1929, flown to Tucson
by female pilot Billie
Rice. She carried one passenger
indentified simply as "Boy friend". The annotation
on the original images states, " Waco BSO, Wright R-540E
175HP, NC753K s/n A153, Bettis
Field, Pgh. 6/10/37".
Waco BSO, NC752K
Based in Los Angeles, CA, unfortunately
Rice did not record their origin or destination. Neither did
she record the date of their landing, but it was sometime
between August 24, 1931 and September 4, 1931.
At left, Emsco NC849E.
Please follow the link for a color image of this airplane,
and for information about its visit to Tucson.
The date of
this image is unknown and the annotation on the original
photo reads, "Emsco
Challenger 3 Challenger engines 185 HP".
airplane is recorded "NC" in the D-M Register;
it is "NX" in the image, suggesting the photograph
was taken sometime between its date of manufacture in April
1929 and the date it was registered as "NC" on
October 22, 1931.
Lockheed Vega, NC926Y
At right, NC926Y is
a Lockheed Vega of some renown. Please follow the link for
information and additional images. This photo was taken June 16, 1934
at Pittsburgh, PA, about three years after it landed at Tucson
flown by John
Macready and about a year before its attempted trans-Atlantic
flight to Lithuania from New
York on September 21-22, 1935.
The annotation on the original photograph reads, " Lockheed
Special”, P&W R-1340-1 450HP, NC926Y c/n 134, 'Lituanica
II' New York to Lithuania. Pilot: Lt. Felix Waitkus,
Bellanca CH NC/NX4050
Here we have two images of Bellanca NX/NC4050.
The date of the first image is unknown, but it is probably
soon after the airplane was manufactured in 1927 because
it does not yet have its "NX" registration.
The caption on
the original images reads, "Bellanca
CH, Wright 320 HP". "Schlee-Brock
Aircraft Co." is painted on the side of the fuselage.
Please follow the link to learn more about the visit of
this airplane to Tucson during the 1928 Ford Reliability Tour
and about its "NX"/"NR" registration assignments.
Annotated on the second image, below, is, "Bellanca CH-200
the 'Bow-legged' Bellanca, Wright J-5-9 220 HP,
C4050 , The FIRST or second CH built, Bettis
Bellanca CH NC/NX4050
You may see this airplane in motion on the ground at
Tucson at this link,
which shows a one-minute moving picture clip of the fourth
National Air Tour for the Edsel B. Ford Trophy when it visited
Tucson on the morning of July 10, 1928.
Below is Ryan NC3257 among what looks like an admiring crowd.
The annotation on the original image reads, "Casper P. Mayer’s
First Ryan, Mahoney-Ryan B-1, Wright R-790 (J-5-9) 220
HP, C4398 c/n 71, Mr. Mayer, Walt Chambers and Mayer’s
pilot, J. Warren Smith. Mayer Field Bridgeville, PA
1928". Further, the caption identifies the airplane registration number as NC4398. This is an error. But see the link to learn how 3257 is related to another Register pilot.
Mahoney-Ryan B-1 NC3257
Incidentally, Mayer's pilot F.
Warren Smith landed at Tucson
flying another Ryan B-1, NC2054 on September 11, 1927. He carried
Walt Chambers as passenger. They were eastbound from San
Diego,CA to Pittsburg (sic). Written in the Remarks column
was "Edward P.
Runge", which was probably the signature of a U.S. Border
NC3257 was not brought through Tucson by Smith or any other pilot, and is not signed in the Register. However, Ryan NC4398 was also owned by Mayer and it did land at Tucson twice , on
February 19, 1929 and March 1, 1929. Both times it was piloted
by Frank T. Dunn carrying passengers Capt. H. Young and Phil
D.C. Ball. Dunn's home base was given as St. Louis, MO.
still registered with the FAA and it is still flying. Please
follow the link to learn more. The data on this image says
it was taken September 6, 1970 (but see below). The annotation
with the photograph states, "Travel
Air W-4000, Lycoming R-680B , 225 HP, NC4834 c/n 418,
Oshkosh, WI 9/6/70".
Travel Air W-4000 NC4834
I heard from the current owner of this airplane (follow
the link, above) on the same day I put this page online.
There appears to be a discrepancy in the date given in the
annotation on the original photograph. He says, "Your photo
is indeed of my airplane, but certainly not in Oshkosh in
can't be certain of where and when it was taken but it almost
certainly was taken in the period 1985 to 1987 here in the
photo was probably taken in Washington state at a fly-in,
possibly Arlington. The
surrounding terrain looks like the Arlington Airport. In
any case, the photo was definitely taken after the Spring
of 1985 when I had restored the airplane to the configuration
seen in the photo. It most certainly was not taken
after 1987, when I flew the airplane to California and
later to Texas where it stayed for many years."
Ryan B-1 NC5217, below, landed at Tucson twice on September
11, 1928 (westbound El Paso to Yuma, AZ) and September
21, 1928 (eastbound Los Angeles to El Paso, TX). The annotation
with the original photograph reads, "Ryan B-1, Wright J-5-9 220
HP, NC5217 c/n 105 October 1928, D. Roy Bradford’s
of New Castle". As can be seen on the side of the fuselage,
Mr. Bradford was manager of New Castle Aircraft, Inc.
Both visits to Tucson it was flown by New Castle's pilot,
Raymond J. Merritt. He carried eastbound as passenger D.
Roy Bradford. They identified their home base as New Castle,
PA. The image below was taken within a month after they landed
D. Roy Bradford With Ryan B-1 NC5217
Their passing through Tucson was with purpose. They were
competing in the 1928 National Air Races Class "B" Transcontinental
race from New York to Los Angeles. Merritt placed 12th in
the race with an elapsed time of 33:59:32, about 11 hours
behind the winner, the superlative John
Travel Air 4-D NC5426
Travel Air 4-D NC5426 landed at Tucson on May 17, 1933 flown
solo by Henrietta Sumner. The annotation on the original
photograph states, "Travel
Air 4-D, Wright J-5-9 220 HP". The date of this image
Plain Dealer of July 8, 1934 has Sumner
agreeing to compete in a 1934 transcontinental race.
was was used earlier, however, by Register pilot Louise Thaden
during her March 16-17, 1929 endurance record of 22 hours,
3 minutes, 28 seconds.
Site visitor Russ Plehinger (please see his book cited in REFERENCES)
provides the following: " Travel Air 5426 began as a
model 3000 with a Hisso engine. Later fitted with J-5. It
was at one time used by TA distributor Douglas C. Warren and may have been raced by him. I think it was raced by Henrietta
Sumner at NY in June 1933 and at LA in July 1933. During
the years 1933-1937 it was flown and raced by west coast
flyer Harry Sham. Henrietta set an inverted flight record
for women of 1h 45m in June of 1935, exact date and place
Friend of dmairfield.org and Travel Air owner Brian
Dalton sends the following regarding this airplane: "NC5426
was first registered as a Travel Air 3000, normally a 150
or 180 hp Hisso
V-8 engine. It was serial number 515 indicating it
was built in the summer of 1928 or so. It was later
registered as a D-3000 and after that a D-4000 some
time before 1947. A D-4000 would have had speed wings
(no elephant ears, faster airfoil) and extra fairings, also
for speed. It would have had a round engine, probably
a Wright J-5. The first factory D-4000 was built
around SN 619 in 1928. In the photo of NC5426, it
looks like it sports a J-5 judging by the plumbing coming
out the bottom, but that is uncertain from the tiny photo. That
N number is no longer current so the airplane appears to
NC5900 Stinson SM-1DA Detroiter
At right is NC5900 a
Stinson SM-1DA Detroiter flown to the Davis-Monthan Airfield
on July 10, 1928 by Eddie
Stinson. He was one of many aircraft to land that morning
as participants in the National Air Tour. Please follow the
links for further information on this airplane, its visit
to Tucson and its pilot.
This image was taken at Mills Field, San Francisco, CA.
While the image date is
not identified, it is probably July 14, 1928, the day the
Tour was scheduled to be in San Francisco. A Maddux Air Lines
Ford can be seen in the background, right. The annotation
on the original photograph says, "Stinson
SM-1, Wright J-5 220 HP".
You may see this airplane in motion on the ground at Tucson
at this link,
which shows a one-minute moving picture clip of the fourth
National Air Tour for the Edsel B. Ford Trophy when it visited
Tucson on the morning of July 10, 1928.
Travel Air 4-U
At left, Travel Air NC6113 landed at Tucson 9/1/1929 flown
by pilot Joe K. Hicks. He was westbound from Lordsburg,
Based at San
Bernardino, CA Tri City Airport, he remained
overnight in Tucson and departed for Los Angeles the
This image was taken at Seattle, WA in 1937. The annotation
on the original images states, "Travel Air 4-U, Comet 130 HP
installed by Otto Timm, Seattle, WA 1937".
Friend of dmairfield.org Brian Dalton sends us the following
about NC6113: "... the 4-U designation signaled that it had
been converted to a Comet engine. The Comet engine
was a 7-cylinder engine made in Oakland, CA ranging in horsepower
from about 130 to 150 hp. Apparently Otto Timm
was making these conversions involving Travel Airs in Glendale,
California in the 1930s and did about 16 of them."
Cessna NC7107 is also an airplane of interest to us. It
was a frequent visitor to the Airfield, landing five times
between 1928 and 1931. When it landed at Tucson the first
time on September 9, 1928 it was flown by Earl Rowland, who
was a competitor in the 1928
National Air Races. Tucson was an interim checkpoint
for the race that year. Rowland ultimately was the first-place
trophy winner with an elapsed time of 22:00:31. There is
another image of NC7107 at the link with the nose cowl installed,
and with a different race number and paint job.
Please note, there appear to be some discrepancies among
sources regarding the identification of this airplane. Follow
along to see what I mean. The annotation on the original
image says, "Cessna BW 'Red Wing', Wright
R-790 220 HP, C7107, Casper P. Mayer’s, Bettis
Field 1928". Bettis
Field was in Pittsburgh, PA. For background,
Mayer owned another airplane, seen above.
There is probably a typo on the original photo, shown here,
because, according to aerofiles.com,
the airplane shown, NC7107, is a model Cessna AW, 140. Likewise,
the Rodengen source cited at the Air Races link, above,
identifies NC7107 as a model AW with race number 30 (see
other race numbers, below).
according to Rodengen, it was another airplane, Cessna NC5035, that
had “My Name is Red Wings” written under the
cockpit window. That airplane, pictured at the Air Races
link, wore race number 96, and had "MAYER" writ large upon
the fuselage. According to Rodengen, NC5035 is, indeed, a
So, either the annotation on this image is in error, or
two reliable and researched sources are in error. There is
a chance that NC7107 has been confused with NC5035. If you
can clear this up, please let me KNOW.
Regardless of the possible discrepancy, NC7107 was flown
to Tucson by Rowland again on September 18, 1928, probably
returning east after Air Races. The next two visits to Tucson
on July 15 and 19, 1929 were east-west and west-east transits.
Both were flown by pilot Stanley T. Stanton carrying a Major
Wehele and his son. The final landing was on August 19, 1931.
The pilot was Eldon
Cessna carrying passenger Roscoe Vaughan. Eldon wrote "OK" in
the Remarks column of the Register.
Site visitor Russ Plehinger (please see his book cited in
the following: "Further data on Cessna 7107 raced in 1931
by Eldon Cessna as race #5, raced in 1932 by Eldon Cessna
as race #18, raced in 1933 by Eldon Cessna as race #30, raced
in 1934 by Paul W. Clough as #37, raced in 1935 by Fred Wallingford
as # ?." Clearly this was a well-used airplane with
some reputation among the Cessna Company and others.
This image of Lockheed NC7954 was
taken in 1928. It was flown to Tucson by Wiley
Post and Art
Goebel. The annotation on this image states, "The first
'Winnie Mae', Lockheed 5 Vega, P&W R-1340 420 HP “Wasp”, NC7954
c/n 24 At Burbank, CA 1928, Bought by Wiley Post." While
it is the first "Winnie Mae" (there were three), it was not
bought by Post, rather it was purchased by F.C. Hall, for
whom Post was pilot, and whose daughter was Winnie Mae. Please
follow the links to learn more.
We see the airplane here as it was owned by Hall and flown
by Post, about two years before it was owned by Goebel.
Stearman C-3B NC8809
At left and below are two images of Stearman C-3B NC8809,
which landed at Tucson three times between 1930 and 1932.
Each time it was piloted by Ross Hadley. The annotation on
the original image states, " Stearman C-3B Special Wright
220 HP". There is no date for this image. Please follow the
links for further information about this airplane and its
landings at Tucson.
Stearman C-3B NC8809
This second image, right, was taken at Glendale, CA on September
24, 1934. The annotation states,"Stearman C3MB, Wright
R-760 225 HP, NC8809 Ross Hadley’s 'Round-the
World' Stearman, Glendale, CA 9/23/34".
This image would be just before or just after his trip to
Europe. Note the wheel pants are absent vs. the top image.
If you examine the image at the link for 8809 you'll see
the pants absent there, too, when the airplane was in the
As an aside, Hadley was the 6th owner of Pancho
Barnes' Travel Air NC4419.
Travel Air NC9049 is still registered with the FAA. The
image below was taken at Wenatche, WA in 1984. The annotation
reads, "Travel Air W-4000 1929, Wright J-5-9 220
HP, NC9049 s/n 850, Wenatche, WA 1984".
Travel Air W-4000 NC9049
This airplane was flown by Michael C. Casserly to Tucson
on June 19, 1929. His passenger was Livingston Longfellow.
Based in Boston, MA they were westbound from Midland, TX
to Santa Barbara, CA. They remained in Tucson overnight,
continuing their journey on the 20th.
Friend of dmairfield.org Brian Dalton sends us this information
regarding NC9049. "This airplane was restored by Jack Lanning
of Arlington, WA circa 1970s. He obtained the airplane from
Harry MacFarlane of Oregon. Harry ran several Travel Airs
as crop dusters throughout Oregon. NC9049 was originally
equipped with a Warner engine, but Jack converted it to a
Wright Whirlwind J-4 engine. For a short while in the middle
1980s he installed a Wright Whirlwind J-5 on it, but most
of the time it has retained the J-4. The airplane has not
flown for the last few years and now is based at Port Townsend,
WA where Jack has placed it on loan to the Port Townsend
Aero Museum. For more information and another photo, check
out this link."
Fairchild NC9738 visited
three times at Tucson. Please follow the link to learn about
the dates of landing and pilots. The annotation on the original
photo states, "Fairchild 71 Wasp C 420 HP".
No date was given on this image,
but at the link it is possible to deduce the date within
a year or so. The airplane had floats installed in September
1936. It had water rudders installed on the floats in July
1937. The image was taken sometime between those two dates,
since there are no water rudders on the floats.
Boeing 100 NC872H
NC872H is a Boeing 100. It is the civilian version of the
Boeing P-12-A. At left and below are two images of this airplane.
Written on the first image is, "Boeing
100 Special Wasp 450, 'Milo
Burcham' is painted on the head rest". Burcham named
his aircraft the "Blue
Flash". In this
craft, Burcham won the International Aerobatic Championship.
image is identified as being taken in 1929. This is in error,
since it is painted in Burcham's design and Burcham didn't
own the ship until Sept. 27, 1933.
Friend of dmairfield.org Mike Gerow writes, "The
pic at left shows
872H circa 1936 when it went on an R license after Burcham's
modifications for airshow work which included an inverted
fuel system (that's the tank between the gear struts)
and a smoke-generation system that he used for skywriting
for Chevrolet." There are, "... metal struts bolted
to either side of the fuel tank supporting the
exhaust pipe. As part of his modifications, Burcham
had metal-skinned the fuselage, and I'm guessing that's also
what was used to fair in the landing gear struts."
"If you look carefully at the tail, it should say R872H. At this
time, Burcham was sponsored by Chevrolet and had that name
in large block letters across the entire top wing. According
to Milo's younger son, Vance, the emblem in the blue tear
drop portrayed a sweating buzzard about to be overtaken
by a speeding bullet, symbolizing this plane. The pic
at left was how the ship looked at the 1936 NAR when Burcham
took the international aerobatic title."
Boeing 100 NC872H
The second image, right, was identified as being taken in
1933 at Glendale, CA. Photo two identifies the engine as
R-1340 Wasp of 450 HP; A/C S/N 1143".
Mike Gerow says this about this image, "The photo at right,
probably taken in the 33-34 time frame, reflects the
ship earlier in Burcham's career with it, when it still
flew under an NC license."
this airplane to Tucson once on January 29, 1934.
At right and below are two images of GeeBee NR2101 as photographed
by Gordon S. Williams. The location and dates are unknown,
but according to aerofiles.com the
photos are, "of the
1933 R-1/R-2 'longtail' that used the repaired fuselage of
Boardman's R-1, lengthened by about 18" behind the cockpit,
and the old 1932 R-2 wings, which had been replaced in the
1933 R-2. Powered by a 1,000 hp P&W Hornet, it had a
tighter cowl with bumps for the rocker covers." The
bumps are clearly visible in these images. Follow the link
for more information.
The annotation on the right-hand image states,
Bee 1', Hornet 1000 HP, Cecil Allen’s ill fated ship,
Photo by Gordon S. Williams". Cecil Allen, a Register pilot,
was killed in 1935.
The annotation on the left-hand image states, " Hall
'Gee Bee' 7-11, P&W R-1690 “Hornet” 800-900
HP, NR2101 crashed on takeoff 31, August 1935 at Burbank,
During Bendix Race. Cecil Allen killed." Although this is Allen's airplane, the annotation
seems to be in error regarding the difference in HP
specifics. Allen's name can be seen painted just under the cockpit on the original photograph.
Regardless, to complicate things a bit more, according to aerofiles,
"Both planes were destroyed in crashes, but fuselage parts
and landing gears from their remains were used by E. Morgan
Voelker of Tucson AZ to make a 1934 hybrid replica that bore
the original R-2 numbers—it,
too, was destroyed, in a 1935 crash, marking an end to the
Follow that second aerofiles link to see another image
of this airplane (top image). You'll note that our image
doesn't have the severe oil streaking on the forward fuselage,
and the lettering "Spirit of Flight" is not
on the aerofiles image.
That leaves us with the Tucson visit of NR2101. According
to the Register pilot Joe Lafayette Thomas brought the airplane
to the Airfield on August 5, 1934. His entry in the Register
is suspect, because he lists two passengers (the airplane
has a single cockpit), he identifies his destination as the
Tucson, AZ Transfer Co., and in the Remarks column he notes, "Lafayette
we are here". Please refer to Zantford
for further interpretation of this puzzle.
Lockheed Vega NR/NX7429
Lockheed Vega NX7429 landed
four times at Tucson during 1928-29. The annotation on the
original photograph reads, "NR7429, Lockheed Vega 1, Wr R-790
220 HP, Reg Robbins’ trans-pacific
attempt". The date of the image is not given.
This Vega is S/N 18 built on August 27, 1928. It was painted
yellow it was raced by Robert
Cantwell in the 1928 National Air Races, plane #22. Cantwell
won class C. Please follow the link for more information on
this interesting and accomplished man.
NX7429 appears in the Register four times. It was flown
three times flown by Cantwell and once by Maurice
Note the difference in registration ID.
Fleet NS-36 landed twice at Tucson, first on or about May
2, 1933 and then on September 18, 1933. The date for this
image is August 1, 1931. Notice the tail wheel. The type
certificate for this model was granted on June 18, 1931,
so this was a very new airplane in this picture.
The annotation on the original image says, "Fleet 9 DeLux,
Kinner B-5 125 HP, NS36 c/n 505, US Dept of Commerce
8/1/31". The pilots who flew it to Tucson were identified
as "Mouton" (Edison "Monte" Mouton) on May 2nd and James N. Peyton. They were generally
covering routes in Arizona and Texas. No purpose was listed
for their flights.
An image of NS-36 similar to this one can be found in Juptner,
vol. 5, page 85 (REFERENCES).
Ryan NX211 "Spirit of St. Louis"
Behind the Wright Flyer, Ryan NX211 is
probably the most well-known aircraft in the world. This photograph shows a replica of NX211. A site visitor identifies this craft as, "... a photo of one of Paul Mantz' movie NYP Broughams. Please note the forward looking windshield, tailwheel and wheel brakes. Of course the actual Ryan NYP, NX-211 Spirit of St. Louis had none of these." The date and location of this image are unknown.
Regarding the real "Spirit", you may view here a
four-minute moving picture sequence of Lindbergh and the
"Spirit of St. Louis" in the air and on the ground
when it visited Tucson, September 23-24, 1927. Tucson was
one of the cities Lindbergh visited
during the U.S. tour about four months following his trans-Atlantic
flight. Lindbergh wrote in the Remarks column of the Register, "Your
field is excellent."
Fairchild NX5501 appears in the Davis-Monthan Airfield Register
twice, on September 11 and 21,1928. Both times it was flown
by C.B.D. Collyer. On September 11 he was westbound competing
in the 1928
National Air Races that used Tucson as a waypoint
in the Class "C" race that year. Collyer and his passenger,
identified simply as "Findley" in the Register, did well.
They placed second overall with an elapsed time of 27:10:45,
about two hours behind the winner (and about 20 minutes ahead
of the 3rd place winner). According to the 1929 Aircraft
Yearbook (REFERENCES), for their efforts, Collyer and Findley
earned $2,500 in second-place prize money, plus another $175
in lap prize awards. It is unknown if they kept the money,
or had to share it with their race sponsor, the Fairchild
Airplane Mfg. Co.
The annotation on the original photograph states, " Fairchild
FC-2W, P&W R-1340 “Wasp” 410HP, NX5501 c/n
86, 'The City of New York', John Mears and Charles Collyer’s,
'Round-the-World' in 23 days, 15 hours at, Bettis
Field 7/21/28." This
was about two months before it landed the first time at Tucson.
The second landing on 9/21 was eastbound from Los Angeles,
CA to El Paso, TX. He carried two passengers this time, identified
simply as "Roberts" and "Stribner". This was almost certainly the
return trip to their home base in New York after the end
of the Air Races.
THIS PAGE UPLOADED: 09/30/07 REVISED: 10/01/07, 10/02/07, 10/04/07,
10/12/07, 10/25/07, 01/26/09, 10/13/10, 08/25/11